IFA Congresses

Forward

FOREWARD

It is with great pleasure that we present the Proceedings of the Fourth World Congress on Fluency Disorders. We believe that the articles in the Proceedings provide a microcosm of the global interest in stuttering and disorders of fluency. The range of topics is truly inspiring - there are treatment research studies and descriptive reports of various approaches to interventions; there are scientific reports of physiological and neurophysiological research, including brain imaging; there are linguistic studies; there are studies of differences in both stuttering and attitudes to stuttering across culturally and linguistically diverse populations; there are well developed theoretical reports on the nature and cause of stuttering; and there are reports reflecting the growing importance and influence of self-help and advocacy groups around the globe.

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The Bitter Sweet Tale of Empiricism in Stuttering Treatment Research

The Bitter Sweet Tale of Empiricism in Stuttering Treatment Research

Mark Onslow
Australian Stuttering Research Centre, The University of Sydney, PO Box I 70, Lidcombe, Australia, NS W 1285

The honour of giving a plenary address at Congress of the International Fluency Association invokes certain responsibilities. One that came to mind repeatedly as I thought about my task is the responsibility to address not only those who formally study and teach about the disorder of stuttering in universities, but also those who treat it, and, in particular, those who experience its effects every day. Surely an IFA plenary speaker has a responsibility to be thought provoking for all those parties. Perhaps even a little controversial. Not so much as to give offence and to dissipate the good humour that delegates always bring to conferences in this field, but just enough that might stimulate productive debate.

Read more: The Bitter Sweet Tale of Empiricism in Stuttering Treatment Research

Self-Help and the International Scene

Self-Help and the International Scene

Jaan Pill
International Stuttering Association, Toronto


Summary

During 15 years of volunteer work, the author has been involved in the founding of the Stuttering Association of Toronto (1988), the Canadian Association for People Who Stutter (1991), the Estonian Association for People Who Stutter (1993), and the International Stuttering Association (1995). Key concepts in this paper include collaboration, development of a sense of ownership, leadership succession, data- orientation, impartiality, clarity in definition of terms, and growth and renewal. The paper defines terms related to self-help, and describes how research on the sociology of self-help offers a framework for analysis of stages of growth in stuttering self-help associations.

Read more: Self-Help and the International Scene

Burn Your Text Books! Evidence-Based Practice in Stuttering Treatment

Burn Your Text Books! Evidence-Based Practice in Stuttering Treatment
Barry Guitar University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401-0010 

SUMMARY

Stuttering treatment has had a colorful history. Methods of therapy have ranged from Demosthenes’ pebbles to Dieffenbach’s scalpel, from little gold forks in the mouth to little delayed feedback devices in the ear, from exhortations encouraging fluency to admonitions advising more stuttering. Are any of these methods effective? And what do we mean by “effective?” How do we measure it? These are the questions that researchers in the field of stuttering management have been asking for decades. Now the questions should be asked by clinicians, as a habit of their practice. Evidence-based practice is essentially a set of principles for clinicians to use in evaluating and treating their clients. The definition given by one of its developers is that evidence—based practice is “the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.” (Sackett et al., 1996, page 71) The term “current best evidence” includes the latest journal articles and on-line sources of scientifically sound information on evaluation and treatment techniques. Textbooks can be dangerously out of date, unless they are revised very frequently and teach the reader the latest tools for searching the literature. In this paper I will describe they why’s and Why-not’s of evidence—based practice and then make recommendations for clinicians who are interested in following the principles of this philosophy.

Read more: Burn Your Text Books! Evidence-Based Practice in Stuttering Treatment

Familial Childhood Stuttering: Stuttering Characteristics and Speech Abilities

Familial Childhood Stuttering: Stuttering Characteristics and Speech Abilities

Suzanne M. Buck1, Roberta Lees1, Peter Martin2, Alison Nicholas3 and Liz Hoey4

1Dept of Speech and Language Therapy, University of Strathclyde, 76 Southbrae Drive, Glasgow, G13 1 PP, UK
2Dept of Educational Studies, University of Strathclyde, 76 Southbrae Drive Glasgow, G13 1 PP, UK
3Michael Palin Centre for Stammering Children, Finsbury Health Centre, Pine Street, London, EC IR OLP, UK
4Speech and Language Therapy, Pollokshaws Clinic, 35 Well Green, Glasgow, G43 IRR, UK

SUMMARY

Whilst research into family histories of stuttering is important, this has rarely been related to the implications for the child. This study explored familial childhood stuttering in contrast to childhood stuttering with no familial factor. Data are presented for 35 young children who stutter, of whom 25 had positive, and 10 had negative family histories of the disorder. These 2 subgroups were compared in terms of stuttering onset, disfluency types, and speech abilities. The results indicate that there are no differences in the stuttering characteristics of children who stutter, between those with and without familial histories of stuttering.

Read more: Familial Childhood Stuttering: Stuttering Characteristics and Speech Abilities

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JFD

Journal of Fluency DisordersBrowse the current issue
(
non-members)

The official journal of the International Fluency Association
IFA Members receive online access to JFD as a member benefit.

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