A Preliminary Analysis of Interaction Characteristics Between Chronic Stuttering Japanese Children and Their Mothers
Keiko Gongdo1, Yoko Walaba2, Sumiko Inoue2,3 Megumi Iizawa3, and Hiroshi Fujino4
1Department of Early Childhood Education, St. Margaret's Junior College, 4-29-23, Kugayama, Suginami-ku, Tokyo, 168-8626, Japan
2The Research Institute for the Education of Exceptional Children , Tokyo Gakugei University, 4-1-1 Nukuilfita-machi, Koganei-city, Tokyo, 184-8501, Japan
3R&D Center, PIGEON Corporation, 6-20-4, Kinunodai, Yawara-mura, Tsukuba-gun, Ibaraki-ken, 300-2495, Japan
4Department of Education for Children with Disabilities, F uculty of Education, Tokyo Gakugei University, 4-1-1 NukuiKita-machi, Koganei-city, Tokyo, 184-8501, Japan
The purpose of this study was to compare interaction characteristics between a group of 9-year-old Japanese stuttering children (N :3) and their mothers during free play to those of a control group of nonstuttering children (N :3) and their mothers. A 10-minute play session for each pair was analyzed in terms of a number of utterances, number of topic initiations, MLU, a number of interruptions and conversational functions. Subjects in the stuttering group showed fewer interruptions during the conversation than the subjects in the non-stuttering group. Conversational functions varied among subjects; however, 2 mothers of the stuttering group showed a tendency to control their children’s behaviors.
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